Cavities are permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of your teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities, also called tooth decay or caries, are caused by a combination of factors, including bacteria in your mouth, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning your teeth well.

Treating Cavities, Fractures, and Cracks with Dental Restorations

If cavities aren’t treated, they get larger and affect deeper layers of your teeth. They can lead to a severe toothache, infection and tooth loss. Regular dental visits and good brushing and flossing habits are your best protection against cavities and tooth decay.

Symptoms

  • Toothache, spontaneous pain or pain that occurs without any apparent cause
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Mild to sharp pain when eating or drinking something sweet, hot or cold
  • Visible holes or pits in your teeth
  • Brown, black or white staining on any surface of a tooth
  • Pain when you bite down

Treating Fractures and Cracks:

How can I tell if I have a cracked tooth?

The signs can be difficult to spot and the symptoms will vary. You may get pain from time to time when you are chewing, especially when you release the biting pressure. Extreme temperatures, especially cold, may cause discomfort. Or you may be sensitive to sweetness, but with no signs of decay. A small area of the gum near the affected tooth may swell.

If the pain is severe, take pain relief like you would normally take for a headache. Always check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medication.

Why do teeth crack?

Many things can cause teeth to crack, such as:

  • Extreme tooth grinding, which can put the teeth under enormous pressure.
  • Large fillings that weaken the tooth.
  • Chewing or biting on something hard: for example ice, boiled sweets, fruit stones or meat bones.
  • A blow to the chin or lower jaw.
  • Gum disease, if there has been bone loss. This could make the teeth more likely to suffer from root fractures.
  • Sudden changes in mouth temperature.

How are cracked teeth fixed?

The type of treatment depends on the amount of damage to the tooth. Ask your dental team what is the best treatment for you:

  • Veneers: These are ideal when there is still a fair amount of tooth remaining, because they are long lasting and need the least amount of tooth removing first.
    A veneer is a thin layer of porcelain or plastic material made to fit over the front surface of the tooth.
  • Crowns: These are used for a tooth that is not suitable for a veneer. A crown fits over what is left of the tooth, making it strong and giving it the appearance of a natural tooth. If the nerve has been damaged and becomes infected you may need to have root canal treatment first. This involves removing all infection from the root canal. The root is then cleaned and filled to prevent any further infections. The tooth would then be fitted with a crown to give it extra support.

How do I handle aftercare and recovery?

The local anaesthetic will wear off in 2-6 hours. It’s generally a good idea to avoid eating any hard or sticky foods during the first 24 hours. The repaired tooth may be sensitive to hot and cold foods for up to 3 weeks. If you experience pain or sensitivity for more than a few weeks, contact your dentist. Be sure to follow the specific aftercare instructions provided by your dentist. By maintaining a good oral health regimen that includes proper home care and regular professional cleanings, you can preserve the integrity of the restoration and prevent future oral health problems.

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Shop no.10, Om Shanti Bhuvan, Old Dombivali Road,
Near Joshi Bunglow, Shastrinagar, Dombivali (West) 421202.
Tel No: 9503565178 / 9870777990

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